Kumaon is a hilly region off the West-Central section of the Himalayas. Located in Uttrakhand, Kumaon is encircled by Tibet on the North, Nepal on the east, Uttar Pradesh on the south, and on the west by the Garhwal region. Kumoan was originally part of the Kunindas Dynasty who ruled over Kumaon and Garhwal from 500 BCE to CE 600. The division of Kumaon and Garhwal happened in 1816, when the British took over this region from the Gorkhas, who were ruling then.
Being a part of the Himalayan range, the region offers a rich variety of Flora and Fauna. Kumoan enjoys the pride of being home to The Corbett National Park, an area spread over 520 sq. kms. along the banks of the Ramganga river. The wild life here includes Elephants, Tigers, Sambars and Monitor Lizards among others and a large variety of Birds. The region was once terrorised by Man-eating tigers, details of which can be found in Jim Corbett’s book: Man-Eaters of Kumaon.
Kumaon experiences a range of well balanced weather spread over the year. Situated next to the Himalayas, the summers in Kumaon last from March to June with the average temperature around 20 to 35 degree Celsius. It is known to be the Summer home for the British during Colonial Times. The weather also offers a sight to the curious eye by being a major influencer in the architecture here. Kumaon’s architecture is such that that people from all around the world come here to experience staying in its rich British architecture.
Kumaon’s cuisine is something of fascination. The food is prepared such that it completely suits the environment of the region. Inhabiting people believed to be descendants of Indo-Aryans and Indo-Iranians, the cuisine is said to have a mix of various cultures. The usage of seasonal Ingredients in the food is something of a characteristic of the place itself. With exclusive ingredients that flourish in the hilly regions and seasonal changes, the Kumaoni cuisine is said to be simple but delicious. One can find a variety of simple dishes made from the same pulse such as Bal Mithai, Ras Bhaat and Thatwaani – unique dishes made from Gehet, a type of bean staple to the area.
Set in the heart of the Himalayas, and forming the historic route to Tibet, Kumaon holds a lot of historic relevance. Having been ruled over by 7 different dynasties, the place holds a mixture of various cultures and heritages. The place is almost enchanted with its native forests and hidden waterfalls covering over 21,035 sq km. A tourist attraction that has something for everyone, from hiking, to discovering new arts and cultures to eating your heart’s content.